Laptops and portables

Here will be more simple and short explainations, not so detailed as in 8-bit or Apple. Laptops and portable computers were very expensive in 1980s and early 1990s, they were usually bought for a company to use in special cases only. In late 1980s Schneider designed PPC152 - they tried to make cheaper portable PC, but it was too big and heavy for most typical applications.
In 1990s as miniaturization became a trend, portable computers became cheaper and more popular. There were specialised portable computers, with rugged cases for militiary/industrial applications (you can see few of these in this page) or with special expansion ports for diagnostic or data acquisition purposes.
There were also UMPCs, which stands for Ultra Mobile PC (Pocket PC name is used more by Windows CE/Psion/Android toys than by Pocket PC compatible computers). One of the first is Atari Portfolio, a PC which could be taken to pocket. More popular unit is HP 200LX from 1994, it is a full-featured IBM PC-compatible computer powered by 2 AA batteries (letting 3 weeks of typical use). it runs MS-DOS with PAL - a special application layer which gives simple multi-program environment with program manager. UMPCs were used as engineering aids, data collectors and planners.
Palmtop computers were specialised to be used as everyday PIM (Personal Information Managers) and simple aids, usually with some calculation and noting programs. They were not compatible with PCs, they only could be connected to them to exchange data and programs. Lack of specific standard made it obsolete very fast - after year or two palmtop was not supported by most applications.


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Manufacturer Model Type ~Year
Schneider Amstrad PPC512 Portable 1988
Toshiba T1200 Laptop 1988
Bondwell B200 Laptop 1988
Atari Portfolio Pocket PC 1989
Siemens Simatic S5 PG685 Portable 1989
Toshiba T3200 Portable 1988
Chaplet Halikan LA-30A Portable 1989
Sanyo MBC-16LT Portable 1988
Nec MultiSpeed HD Portable 1989
Zenith SlimsPort 286 Laptop 1988
?? Copam+ Laptop 1992
Tandy 1100FD Laptop 1990
Samsung NoteMaster 386s/25 Laptop 1993
Packard-Bell Statesman 486 Laptop 1994
IBM ThinkPad 755CSE Laptop 1994
Siemens-Nixdorf PCD-4ND Laptop 1994
Digital HiNote 433 Laptop 1994
Hewlett-Packard 200LX Pocket PC 1994
Compaq Contura Aero 4/33C Laptop 1994
Olivetti Echos P75 Laptop 1995
??? ?PowerNote? Laptop 1995
Aristo FT-4000 Laptop 1995
Compaq Armada 1120 Laptop 1995
Hewlett-Packard Omnibook 2000ct Laptop 1997
IBM ThinkPad Power Series 850 Laptop 1996
Toshiba Satellite T2150CDS Laptop 1995
Canon CN600 Laptop 1998
Tadpole Sparcbook 3TX Laptop 1997
Digital HiNote VP Laptop 1997
IBM ThinkPad 760E Laptop 1997
California Access CA6100 Laptop 1997
Hewlett-Packard 360LX Pocket 1997
IBM ThinkPad 560 Laptop 1997
Panasonic Toughbook CF-27 Laptop 1997
Compaq LTE 5300 Laptop 1997
Toshiba Tecra 5500CDT Laptop 1998
Hewlett-Packard Omnibook 2100 Laptop 1998
Siemens-Nixdorf Scenic Mobile 800 Laptop 1998
3Com Palm V Palmtop 1999
Psion Revo Pocket 2000
Toshiba Tecra 8100 Laptop 2000
SilTech Rocky IIFX Laptop 2002

Year is not exact, you should use it to estimate unit's generation.

Other peripherals and accessories

Docking stations and port replicators:
Name Type Computer
ThinkPad 755 replicator Port replicator ThinkPad 755
ThinkPad Dock II Docking station ThinkPad 760

 

Others:
Name Type Computer
IBM Battery charger Battery Charger ThinkPad 380,385,560,600,660,770.