PCs and clones

W A R N I N G !

This section is currently under construction.
Because it contains some information, it's published, but it is still not complete. Links may not point to their proper locations. Some files may be missing. Page is usually filled from top to bottom.

Section under construction, but feel free to see gallery of recently acquired PCs here.

The first IBM PCs, released in 1981, had poor graphics capability, simple beeper and not outstanding Intel 8088 CPU. It had (usually two) 160kB floppy disk drives and could run ported CP/M or PC-DOS with their 128-640kB of RAM. What made them popular was their open architecture - the only thing manufacturer had to buy was IBM BIOS license. Later other companies started to make their own BIOS versions compatible with IBM, sometimes much more configurable than original one. In 1980s and 1990s many companies made their own IBM-compatible (or almost compatible) computers and sold under different names.
PC became popular in offices, homes and industrial systems. Its architecture oriented around ISA bus was expandable and many expansions have been developed. Early PCs were usually more or less software-compatible with IBM PC, but sometimes hardware was much different than in original.
Today (2015) PCs are still used and there is a big chance that you are reading this page using one. Unfortunately ther are not so free anymore, as proprietary, undocumented chipsets are used and simple, assembly-code BIOS (there are even open-source BIOSes for PC) has been replaced by EFI - a security problem at the hardware level. To run some operating systems on the newest PC platforms, systems must be confirmed by commercial organizations, this is called "Secure boot" (but much better name is "protection money"). PC started as open architecture, but will end as proprietary one.

Here you can see that there are many ways to build PC, and not all PCs had ISA. You can also see interesting expansions and devices for PCs.

To know what to look for when you open an old PC, go to PC FAQ.


Personal Computers

Manufacturer Model Type
IBM PS/2 Model 30-286 Intel 286,10MHz +FPU
IBM PS/2 Model 70-486 Intel 486, 25MHz
IBM PS/1 Model 2121 AT, 386 16MHz
IBM PS/1 Model 2123 AT, 386 20MHz
IBM PS/1 Model 2168 AT, 486DX2 50MHz
Robotron A7100 XT-Like, 8086, 5MHz
Robotron A7150 (CM1910) XT-Like, 8086+87, 5MHz
Robotron EC1834 XT, 8086, 5MHz
Elwro 801AT (parts) AT 286, 8/12 MHz
Siemens PC-D XT, 80186, 8MHz
Siemens T 1200CT (CPU only) XT, 8088, 8MHz
Commodore PC-10 Model 9100-00 XT, 8088, 4.77MHz
Commodore PC-20 III XT, 8086, 9.54MHz
Tandy 1000EX XT, 8088, 7MHz
Amstrad PC1512 SD XT, 8086, 8MHz
Amstrad PC2086/30 XT, 8086, 8MHz
Schneider Euro PC II XT, 8088 9.54MHz
Vendex HeadStart Explorer XT, 8088, 8MHz?
Vendex HeadStart Plus XT, 8086, 8MHz
California Access CA286 AT, 286, 12MHz
Philips PCD 200 AT, 286, 12MHz
Optimus Optimus 286 AT, 286, 20MHz
Datavan LAN Station AT, 386/25MHz
Optimus Optimus 486 AT, 486, 50MHz
Compaq Presario CDS510 AT, 486 DX2 66MHz
ALR Proveisa AT, 486DX2/66MHz
Jumptec + Cecomm? MKS w. 4 AT, AMD 5x86, 75MHz
Siemens Scenic D6 333 Celeron 333MHz
IBM Personal Computer 300/PL Pentium III 450MHz
Nec PowerMate ES Slimline Pentium III 800MHz
Dell PowerEdge SC1425 2x Xeon 3GHz

Other non-PC-compatible workstations

Manufacturer Model Type
Sun SPARCStation 20 RISC SPARC
Sun Ultra 1 RISC SPARC
IBM Power Series 850 PowerPC (RS/6000)
 

Other, non-branded PC clones

 


Accessories and components:

    Printers and scanners:

Manufacturer Model Type
Genius GeniScan GS-4500 Handheld scanner
Primax HandScanner 256 Handheld scanner
Mustek GS8000T Handheld scanner
HP ScanJet 3200C Flatbed scanner
Linotype Saphir Ultra II Flatbed scanner
Plustek OpticPro U12 Flatbed scanner
Mera Błonie D-100E/PC Dot matrix printer
Epson LX-300 Dot matrix printer
Hgihscreen MP-600 Dot matrix printer
Epson FX-1170 Dot matrix printer
OKI Microline 321 Dot matrix printer

    Monitors:

Manufacturer Model Type
Intra 12HP51T Green monitor
ADI DM-14+ Amber monitor
Hyundai HCM-1421B Color (CGA) monitor
EMC EM-1412 Monochrome monitor
Polkolor MM-14SP Amber monitor
Hyundai HMM-1401 Monochrome monitor
Adax/EMC EM-1417 Monochrome monitor
Cordata CMC-1414ADE Color (VGA) monitor
Digital PCXBV-PC Color (VGA) monitor
TVS VS-9AF Monochrome monitor
Siemens ?? Color (??) monitor

    Input devices:

Manufacturer Model Type
?BI? Keyboard splitter Keyboard splitter
Logic Controls Programmable keyborad Keyboard
Compaq Server keyborad Keyboard
Genius EasyPen Tablet
AceCAD CAD Tablet Tablet
A4Tech WWT-13 Trackball
A4Tech WT-5P Trackball
Microsoft Home Mouse Mouse
Microsoft Bus Mouse Mouse
Microsoft Serial mouse Mouse
Genius Light mouse Mouse
Promag/Gigatek KB950 Programmable Keyboard
Preh Commander MC84 Programmable Keyboard

    Communication:

Manufacturer Model Type
ZyXel Elite 2864 Modem
ZyXel U-336E Modem
CPV V.32Bis Modem Modem
IBM 7857-017 Modem
?? Printer buffer Parallel port buffer
Accodata Serial port Switch Switch
Contec BU-Mini Serial port buffer
?? IC100A Serial-Parallel converter
Planet Smart IP router Router
Many Mechanical parallel port switches Port Switches
Digitus/Aten KVM 4x KVM Switch
NewStar NS-231 KVM Switch
Maxxtro CPU Switch KVM Switch
Many Mechanical KVM switches KVM Switch
Pentagram Skype gate Sound card
Many LapLink transfer cable Transfer cable

    Service/diagnostic tools:

Manufacturer Model Type
Intel Socket test tool for Pentium Service tool
?? ??Diagnostic SIMM?? Service tool?
?? ISA/PCI test card Service tool

    Other devices:

Manufacturer Model Type
APC Back-UPS 400 Power supply
?? Pocket video converter Video converter
Grand Video Console Video converter

    Mainboards:

Manufacturer Model Type

    Video cards:

Manufacturer Model Type

    Multimedia cards:

Manufacturer Model Type

    Controller cards:

Manufacturer Model Type

    Other cards:

Manufacturer Model Type