Tadpole Sparcbook 3TX

Tadpole was a company from UK which made software, network solutions and hardware for it. In 1990s, cooperating with Sun, they started to implement Sun's SPARC technology to notebooks. Many of them were industrial-grade rugged computers with magnesium casings and high-quality components.
SPARCBook 3TX was a third generation SPARCBook portable computer which could run Sun's Solaris up to v. 2.6 (2.7 - but with less support). It was in fact Sun's architecture computer assembled as portable unit. Earlier third-generation notebook, 3GX, had 110MHz CPU, 3TX used 170MHz.
The biggest problems of this computer were big heat dissipated by CPU right to the bottom surface and short battery running time. And of course its price was much higher than typical Intel-based notebook.

Manufacturer Tadpole

Origin UK
Year of unit 1997? 98?
Year of introduction 1997? 98?
Type Laptop, PC
CPU TurboSPARC, 170MHz
RAM Up to 128MB with pair of 2 72-pin SIMM modules.
Floppy Disk None
Hard Disk 1.2GB SCSI 2.5"
Other media None, external SCSI connector to connect any SCSI device.
Graphics and display: Weitek graphics, 800x600x256 colors LCD TFT display
Sound: 16-bit Sun-compatible sound chip
Keyboard and pointing device: Small PC keyboard, 84-key,

Trackpoint-like device with 3 buttons.

OS: Solaris up to 2.6 with Tadpole's GUI extesions.

Power supply:

1 - Ground
2 - +12V DC, 4,6A

I/O:  - VGA DB15
 - Sun's (?) AUI-like for network (x2)
 - SCSI - small 50-pin connector
 - Sun-compatible keyboard/mouse port
 - Sun-compatible serial ports.
 - Speaker in/out/headphone jacks
 - ISDN and analog modem
 - 2x PCMCIA
Possible upgrades: Memory (two 72-pin SIMMs, VERY picky about memory, pair must be matched)
Additional peripherals:  None

Unfortunately I don't have a hard disk for it - I have a drawer but without ribbon cable needed for drive to work. I also don't have special external SCSI CD-ROM drive to boot it from external SCSI and install Solaris to external SCSI HDD. It's in poor condition, it has been thrown few times before I got it so casing is scratched and right lock is broken. All my information will be theoretical, but docs supplied should help you to set up the unit.

You think about Linux? Theoretically possible, but as FAQs state, there are no ways to make this thing display console - only X. If you want text mode console, you have to go through serial port and external terminal. And if you have only 128MB RAM you won't find it useful in GUI.

OS Insallation: First, it's not only Solaris. You need Solaris, Tadpole drivers, Patches and optionally Tadpole GUI notebook extensions called NCE (Notebook Computer Extensions). You should use Solaris 2.6 CD 3/98 and 5/98 as they have Tadpole drivers included. Patches were available on Tadpole's FTP server but they're now gone. GUI notebook extensions were supplied only with notebook's OS CD.

To boot SPARCBook from SCSI CD-ROM drive, the drive, as in most RISC systems, must have 512bytes/sector mode enabled. Notice that most PC drives read 2048 bytes per sector, so they won't boot.

When you boot SPARCBook without disk, it goes to firmware. You can almost always turn notebook off by pressing Pause/Break + O. When no volume to boot is present, it should land in firmware prompt (otherwise accessible with Pause/Break + A). Help system is quite self-explainatory there as you write "help" command.
In operating system, Pause/Break+O turns the system into Save mode, read: suspend-to-disk (known today as hibernation).

I almost forgot. Now about batteries. If you don't know what Dallas-type RTC is (for Dallas DS1287 - the most popular chip with this technology), it's an RTC chip with battery sealed-in. If battery runs out, you have to replace a whole chip or drill some holes in it to put wires for external battery. Sparcbook has such a chip for RTC and BIOS settings (called NVRAM in this architecture). These settings define not only RTC, but some important hardware parameters. By default, main battery is used to keep this memory alive, after it's removed/discharged built-in cell is making settings non-volatile.
The chip consists of 2 segments: One, soldered to PCB, is a chip, it has 4 gold connectors for upper part - which is sealed container with lithium 2.8V cell and quartz crystal. To replace battery, it may be needed to file down part of upper segment, then solder wires right to chip's battery terminals. Upper part must be plugged in as it contains quartz crystal (Xtal). 2.8V battery is needed. Detailed description of this chip and its pinout is detailed below. Here' a photo of this chip:

Disassembly is not as hard as they describe in FAQ:
1. Remove battery, RAM, HDD, PCMCIA cards.
2. Remove 3 screws from the bottom (under stand and one under rubber pad)
3. Carefully and slowly open the notebook, lift LCD part upwards, place it horizontally away from the laptop, do not disconnect cables. Close removed LCD part now.
4. Remove one screw from keyboard. Carefully remove keyboard part by opening it towards you, then sliding out. It may be placed on LCD part.
5. Remove 3 screws on the PCB.
6. Carefully pry open two CPU connectors, one near RAM, one near HDD bay.
7. Now pry the last pin connector (top-right), remove CPU board. Do not touch place where heatsink touches casing, do not touch plastic layer on a heatsink too.
8. RTC/NVR is a chip near the top of PCMCIA bay, you can remove its battery/XTAL top, install wires some way and use 2.8V battery here. XTAL part must be still connected. If you do it, you'll loose NVR settings and you have to reconfigure it back in prompt as it boots from network by default.
9. Battery terminals are in the LEFT side of chip, away from PCMCIA, negative pole closer to connectors (rear) part - shorted with ground (you can check with ohmmeter).
10. During re-assembly remember to place CPU firmly and do not shut LCD cables by microphone (they go to the left of mic), all screws are needed. Ah, be careful about rubber part on the edge, rear cover (you can place it in only when disassembled, so do it before fastening 3 bottom screws) and lid closing switch (left lid lock hole). There are some photsos of dis/reassembly in the gallery.

Here you can read a complete FAQ about third-generation SPARCBook.

Now documentation, it was on Tadpole FTP server before it went off.

Sparcbooks 3rd generation User's guide
Sparcbook 3TX marketing announcement
Sparcbook 3TX specification sheet
Sparcbook 3TX whitepaper (parameters)
Sparcbook 3 technical manual  <---CONNECTOR PINOUTS HERE :)
Enabling auto-answer login/dialout in modem
PPP on a SPARCBook
Solaris 2.5 patches dscription. Download links for these are dead.
Smaller SPARCBook FAQ
Swapping Ctrl - caps lock in SPARCBook