Nec MultiSpeed HD

One of V30-based computers from late 1980s. This portable PC is a complete laptop machine, with LCD screen, battery and even 20MB hard disk. It is running with 10MHz Nec V30 CPU, compatible with 8086 but more powerful. It has 640kB of RAM in SRAM chips, so no energy is wasted in refresh logic as there is no refresh. Some memory can be used for a RAM disk to work longer on a battery charge by turning the hard disk off. Essential software: Text editor, communications program, database, catalog and help system are stored in ROM so the machine can work only with battery-powered RAM disk.
The computer has a nice CGA 8-shade grayscale backlit LCD with quite good contrast. When working with external monitor, the screen can be detached from the base unit to use the main unit as a larger keyboard.
This computer is a typical example of Japanese technology of late 1980s. Most components are high quality SMD, soldered using good amount of alloy to make sure that chip will not disconnect, and only chips which may have to be replaced in customization are in through-hole packages and sockets. Floppy disk drive made by Teac is a solid one with cast-metal frame, so now it is working as well as it was working when it left the factory. The fan has only bearing in the center and inductors outside the rotor, so it doesn't make much noise if bearing is clean.

Manufacturer Nec

Origin Japan
Year of unit 1989
Year of introduction 1988?
Type Laptop, PC
CPU Nec V30, 4.77/9.54MHz
RAM 640kb
Floppy Disk 1x 3.5", 720kB
Hard Disk 20MB,
proprietary IDE-like standad
Other media None
Graphics and display: CGA-compatible LCD, backlit, grayscale 8 shades.
Sound: PC Speaker
Keyboard and pointing device: Full-stroke PC keyboard with separate numeric part working alternatively as cursors.

Power supply:

1 - +13.5V DC, 2A
(12V will go too)
2 - Ground

I/O:  - Serial port
 - Parallel port
 - DB9 video out
Possible upgrades: Probably some ROMs, 4 sockets available
Additional peripherals:  Modem board inserted in its slot

I don't know the history of my unit except that it has been sold in USA market. It is in quite good condition but the hard disk seems not to be detected. It has Amertech (refurbisher?) sticker and someone fixed broken LCD socket using a nut and bolt.

The hard disk, CMS LDSNECHD-20, seems not to be detected at all even in other PCs (yes, the 40-pin connector looks more or less ATA compatible, while the power connector is like these old connectors on ST412 boards. It is listed here as AT Bus with auto-park, but IDE disks are not even spinning up in the computer while this one needs a clear system's signal to spin up. There is an interface converter which negates some signals from 34-pin connector. I think that this is not a full ATA, maybe even XTA with ATA-like pinout. The computer has a hard disk park routine built in BIOS, so powering it off will cause the screen to display "Parking drive heads" and after this procedure the computer will turn off.
CMS, a company from Singapore shut down ca. 1992, was not a good hard disk manufacturer. They inherited some drives and technology from Kalok/Xebec, they were even worse.

The computer has additional HELP and Pop-up keys. The idea of "Pop-up" software was originationg from earlied Nec models, which had two floppy disk drives and possibility to get a RAM disk. Some applications are stored in ROM and menu with them is called when Pop-up key is held for few seconds.
The memory by default is ca. 607kB. Yes, 607, it is not so unusual with RAM disk.

The screen is detachable. To detach it, you have to open the small door in front of the screen's base (rotating part) by pulling it downwards, it opens for a small angle unlocking the display. Then just lift the display upwards to detach it.

I haven't experimented with it, but there is a character ROM on mainboard compatible with 27128, so maybe it is possible to add foreign characters support by patching it?

It is important to maintain or replace the small rechargeable battery in a mainboard, near modem. This is a conventional 3.6V one, which can be replaced with diode and CR2032 battery (a nice place to stick a CR2032 holder is the modem bay near modem's transformer). This battery may leak. It is responsible for backing up the RTC and SETUP settings at least.


Hard disk power pinout:

1 2 3
4   5

1,3 - +5V DC
2 - +12V DC
4,5 - GND.
In a hard disk, there are 2x2 more pins not connected to power. Functions unknown.

DIP Switches on the rear:
1 - Always OFF
2 - OFF reverses character attributes which makes text visible better.
3 - Always OFF.
4 - ON locks the CPU in 4.77MHz mode, OFF allows to switch between 4.77MHz and 9.54MHz.

On the boot disk (available in a Nec MultiSpeed Website) (mirror) there are other tools:
 - COLD - returns to initial state, 607kB of RAM
 - RAM640R, KILL640R - restores 640K of RAM. Built-in software may not work.
 - KILLPOP - turns the Pop-up key off.
 - SETUP - configuration.
Help/Pop-up keys will not work if system is not booted from this disk but from some other (tried with DOS 5.0 - no effect).

Links: - Nec MultiSpeed Site - They have advertisement of earlier MultiSpeed computer.